Vinpocetine has been shown to exert a brain neuro-protective effect by a combined action on cerebral circulation, brain metabolism and rheological properties of the blood. This boost in the cerebral metabolism thus enhances both oxygen and glucose utilization and consequently improving cerebral functions.
Bacopa works on specific pathways for memory, learning and relaxation. One of the most important effects of bacopa is on reducing anxiety during testing. Test or performance anxiety can affect your performance. But with bacopa, you can work towards having a performance edge instead of performance anxiety.
St. John’s wort boost levels of the brain chemical serotonin, which affects the emotions and has been shown to reduce anxiety which results in improved memory recall and mental clarity.
Phosphatidylserine is vital for cognitive function and has been proven safe and effective for improving memory, mental focus, mood, cognitive performance, learning ability and stress, brain, attention and hyperactivity.
Ginkgo is widely touted as a "brain herb". Studies have found that ginkgo helps improve memory and thinking in young and middle-aged people who are healthy and studies suggest it may be useful in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).